## sybsc new 2016 17 1 Syllabus Mumbai University by munotes

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Academic Council

Item No.

UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI

Syllabus for the S.Y.B.Sc.

Program: B.Sc.

Course: Physics

(Credit Based Semester and Grading System with effect from the

academic year 2016 –2017)

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2 Revised Syllabus in Phys ics (Theory and Practi cal)

Asper credit based system

Second Year B.Sc.201 6–2017.

The revised syllabus in Physics as per credit based system for the Second Year B.Sc. course will be

implemented from the acade mic year 2016–2017.

Objective s:

To develop analytical abilities towards real world problems

To familiarize with current and recent sci entific and technological

developments

To enrich k nowledge through problem solving, hands on activities, study visits,

projects etc.

Semester Paper Title Credits

I USPHP -301 Mathematical Methods, Mechanics

And Properties Of Matter 2

III USPHP -302 Electricity and Magnetism 2

III USPHP -303 Thermodynamics 2

III USPHP -3P Practical course -3 (Group A,B,C and

Skill) 3

Total 9

IV USPHP -401 Optics 2

IV USPHP -402 Electronics 2

IV USPHP -403 Cosmology and Quantum Mechanics 2

IV USPHP -4P Practical course -4 (Group A,B,C and

Demo) 3

Total 9

USPH3 01: Mathematical Methods, Mechanics and Properties of Matter

Learning Out comes:

On successful completion of this course students will be able to:

1. Understand the basic mathematical concepts and application s of them in

physical situations

2. Understand the concepts of mechanics, acoustics and the properties of matter and be

able to perform calculations using them.

3. Demonstrate quantitative problem solving ski lls in all the topics covered.

UNIT-I i) Waves and Oscillations - i) Linear S.H.M., composition of two collinear S.H.M.,

superposition of tw o mutually perpendicular S.H.Ms , Lissajous’s figures

SPP: 2.4.3 and 2. 4.4

ii) Compound pendulum: Expression for period, maximum and m inimum time periods,

Centres of suspension and oscillations, Reversible compound pendulum, Kater’s

reversible pendulum. Advantages of a compound pendulum over a simple pendulum.

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3 HP: (pages 279 to 284)

ii) Fourier series and applications.

Introduction, Fourier cosine and sine series, change of intervals, Complex form of Fourier

series, Generalized Fourier series. (Note: - Good number of examples of all types is

expected to be covered.)

CH: 7.1, 7 .11, 7.12, 7.13, 7.14

UNIT -II Partial Differential equations and its applications.

Introduction, Formation of partial differential equation by eliminating arbitrary constants, by

eliminating arbitrary functions, Modeling of vibrating stretched string or membrane one

dimensional wave equation D’Alembert ’s solution to be obtained. By analogy of wave

equation , obtain Schrodinger time dependent and time independent equation in one

dimension, Modeling of two dimensional heat flow equation, Laplace ’s equation i n two

dimensions, S olutions by method of separation of variables, Use of Fourier series.

HKD: 9.3, 9.15, 9.16, 9.17, 9.18, 9.19, 9.20

UNIT -III Mechanics, Acoustics And Properties of Matter

i) Dynamics of system of particle and concept of rigid bod ies, C M coordinates, Motion of a

centre of mass and linear momentum, angular momentum and torque, angular

momentumof a system of CM. Co nservation of angular momentum.

BSJ: 6.1, 6 .2, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.7 , 6.11, 6.12

ii) Acoustics of Buildings

Reverberation, Sabine’s formula (without derivation) Absorption coefficient, Acoustics

of Bui ldings, factors af fecting Acoustics of Buildings, Sound distribution in an

auditoriu m.

Ref.: MS:5 .9, 5.10, 5.12, 5.13, 5.14, 5.15.

iii) Bending of beams : bending moment, Basic assumptions for theory of bending,

cantilever, beam supported at its ends and loaded in the middle, I -section girders,

determination of Y by bending, Determination of elastic constants by Searle’s method.

BSJ: 10.16, 10.17, 10.18, 10.1 9, 10.20, 10.22, 10.23, 10.26.

Note: - Good number of problems on all types is expected to be solved in each unit.

References:

SPP : Fundamentals of vibration and waves – S P Puri (Tata McGraw Hill)

HP : Mechanics – H. S. Hans and S. P. Puri, Tata McGraw Hill (2 nd Ed.)

CH: Introduction to Mathematical Physics by Charlie Harper

HKD: Advanced Engineering Mathematics by H K Das

MS: Properties of matter and acoustics , S Chand Publications

BSJ: Mechanics and Electrodynamics Rev Edn. 2005 by Brijlal and Subram anayan and

Jeevan Seshan.

Additional reference: KRS: Mechanics by Symon .

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4 USPH -302: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM

Learning Out comes:

On successful completion of this course students will be able to:

1. Understand the basic mathematical physics concepts and application s of

them in physical situations

2. Understand the basic laws of electrostatics and magneto statics and applications of

them and be able to perform calculations using them.

3. Demonstrate quantitative problem solving ski lls in all the topics covered.

UNIT I. i) Mathematical Background

Review of vector algebra and calculus. Product rules, Second derivative,

ii) Integral Calculus: Line, Surface and Volume Integrals, The Fundamental Theorem for

Gradients (statement of theorem without proof ; do problems), The Fundamental

Theorem for Curls (statement of theorem without proof; do problems) The Fundamental

Theorem for Divergences (statement of theorem without proof; do problems)

iii) Curvilinear Coordinates: Cylindrical Coordinates, Spherica l Coordinates

DJG: 1.2.6 to 1.2.7, 1.3 .1 to 1.3.4, 1.4.1 to 1.4.2, Problems 1.3 to 1.35

UNIT II. Electrostatics and Magnetostatics

The Electric Field: Introduction, Coulomb’s Law, The Electric Field, Continuous

Charge Distribution, Electric Poten tial, Introduction to Potential, Comments on Potential,

The Potential of a Localized Charge Distribution

Work and Energy in Electrostatics: The W ork Done to Move a charge, The Energy of

a Point Charge Distribution

Magnetostatics: Magnetic Fields

The B iot Savart Law: Steady Currents ,The Magnetic Field of a Steady Current

Helmholtz coil and solenoid.

DJG: 2.1.1 to 2.1.4, 2.3.1 , 2.3.2, 2.3.4, 2.4.1, 2.4.2, 5.1.1, 5.2.1, 5.2.2

BS: 16.10, 16.11

UNIT III: Motion of Charged Particles in Uniform electric a nd Magnetic Fields:

Kinetic Energy of a Charged Particle in an Electric Field, Motion of a Charged Particle i n

a Constant Electric Field, Cathode Ray Oscilloscope, Charged Particle in an Alternating

Electric Field, Force on a Charge in a Magnetic Field, Charged Particle in a Uniform and

Constant Magnetic Field, The Cyclotron, Motion of Charged Particles in Combined

Electric and Magnetic Fields, Velocity Selector

HP: 13.1, 13.2, 13.2.1, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5, 13.5.1, 13.6, 13.6.1

Reference s:

DJG : Introductio n to Elect rodynamics 3rd Edn by D. Griffith

BS: Mechanics and Electrodynamics Rev Edn. 2005 , by Brijlal and Subramanayan and

Jeevan Seshan.

HP: Hans and Puri, Mechanics, TMH, 2nd Edition

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5 USPH303: Thermodynamics

Learning Out comes:

On successful completion of this course students will be able to:

1. Understand the basic concepts of thermodynamics and its application s

in physical situations .

2. Understand and learn low temperature physic s

3. Demonstrate quantitative problem solving ski lls in all the topics covered.

UNIT-I

Conversion of heat into work, Heat engine, Carnot’s cycle: its efficiency,

Refrigerator

Steam engine, Rankine cycle

ABG : 7.1, 7.2, 7.3,7.3.1 , 11.2, 11.3,

Second law of thermodynamics, Statements, Equivalence of Kelvin an d Plank

statement, Carnot's theorem, Reversible and irreversible process, Absolute scale

of temperature.

ABG : 7.5, 7.5.1, 7.6, 7.7, 7.8

Otto engine, Efficiency of Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, Efficiency of Diesel cycle, Otto

and diesel comparison,

Refriger ator and air-conditioning, General Princip le of Refrigerator, Theorem of

refrigerator.

ABG : 11.4,11.4.1, 11.5,11.5.1 11.6, 11.7, 11.8, 11.8.1

UNIT-II

Clausius theorem, Entropy, Entropy of cyclic process, Reversible process; Entropy

change, Carnot cycle, Reversible heat transfer, Principal of increase in entropy,

Generalized form of first and second law, Entropy Change of an ideal gas,

Entropy of steam, Entropy and unavailable energy, Entropy and disorder,

Absolute entropy.

ABG : -7.9, 7.10, 7.11, 7.12, 7. 12.1, 7.12.2, 7.13, 7.14, 7.14.1, 7.14.3, 7.15, 7.16,

7.17

Third law of thermodynamics, Nernst heat theorem, Consequences of the third law,

Maxwell’s thermodynamic relations, Clausius – Claperyron equation,

ABG : 10.12,10.12.1, 10.12.2, 8.3, 8.3.2

UNIT III

Low temp physics: Different method of liquefaction of gases, method of freezing,

Cooling by evaporation, cooling by adiabatic expansion .

BS : 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4

Joule – Thomson effect, Theory of the experiment, JT effect of van der Waals gas,

Rege nerative cooling, Liquefaction of air, Liquefaction of hydrogen, Liquefaction of

helium, Properties and uses of liquid Helium, Feature of He II, He -III Cryostat,

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ABG: 10.2, 10.2.1 , 10.2.2, 10.3, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6, 10.6.1, 10.7, 10.10

Reference s:

ABG: Thermal Physics, AB Gupta a nd H. Roy, Book and Allied (P) L td, Reprint

2008, 2009.

BS: Heat Thermodynamics and Statis tical Physics, Brijlal, N.Subramanyam, P.S.

Hem ne, S. Chand, edition 2007.

Addition al References :

1. Basic Thermodynamics : Evelyn Guha ( Narosa Publications )

2. Thermal Physics : Philip M. Morse ( W.A. Benjamin Inc. New York )

3. Heat & Thermodynamics : Robert and Miller ( ELBS )

4. A treatise of Heat : Saha and Srivastava.

USPHP3 P: Revised Prac tical course

Instructions: i) All the measurements and readings should be written with proper units in SI

system only

ii) After completing all the required number of experiments in the semester and recording

them in journal, student will have to get their journal certified and produce the certified

journal at the time of practical examination.

iii) While evaluating practical, weightage should be given to circuit/ray diagram,

observations, tabular representation, experimental skill and procedure, graph, cal culation

and result.

iv) Skill of doing the experiment and understanding physics concepts should be more

important than the accuracy of final result .

Leaning Outcome:

On successful completion of this course students will be able to:

i) To demonstrate their p ractical skills more effectively .

ii) To understand and practice the skills while doing physics practical.

iii) To understand the use of apparatus and their use without fear.

iv) To correlate their physics theory concepts through practical.

v) Understand the concepts of errors and their estimation.

Group A

1 Surface tension by Jaeger’s Method.

2 Bar pendulum: determination of g (Graph Lvs T and L vs LT2)

3 Y by bending.

4 Searle’s experiment: determination of Y and .

5 Determination of thermal conductivity of bad conductor by Lee’s Method.

6 Young’s modulus by Koenig’s method .

7 Helmholtz resonator - determination of unknown frequency .

8 Moment of Inertia of compound pendulum by method of coincidence.

Group B

9 Verification of Stefan’s law ( electrical method)

10 Determination of absolute capacitance using BG

11 High resistance by mirror galvanometer

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7 12 Series Capacitance Bridge.

13 LCR parallel resonance.

14 e/m by Thomson’s method

15 Temperature coefficient of resistance of conducting material ,

16 Measurement of resistance of galvanometer -G by shunting.

Group C

17 Bridge rectifier: Ripple, Load regulation. ( with C / pi filter)

18 Figure of merit of a mirror galvanometer .

19 C1/C2 by de - Sauty’s method .

20 Passive low pass filter .

21 Passive high pass filter .

22 High resistance by leakage using BG .

23 Charging and discharging o f capacitor .

24 Lissajo us figures using CRO .

D) Skill experiments:

1. Wiring of a simple circuit using bread board

2. Use of oscilloscope

3. Travelling microscope ( radius of capillary)

4. Spectrometer: mean μ of yellow doublet of mercury source.

5. Component testing, colour code of resistors, capacitors etc.

6. Drawing of graph on semi logarithmic / logarithmic scale.

E) Exemption of two experiments from section A and/or B and/or C may be given if student

carry out any one of the following activity.

1. Students should collect the information of at least five Physicistswith their work or any

three events on physics . Report that in journal.

2. Students should carry out mini-project up to the satisf action of professor In -charge of

practical .

3. Study tour. Students participated in s tudy tour must submit a study tour report.

For practical examination the learner will be examined in three experiments (one

from each group ). Each experiment will be of t wo hour duration. Minimum 3 from each

group and in all minimum 12 experiments and all the skill experiments are required to be

completed compulsorily. Students are required to report all these experiments in the

journal. Evaluat ion in viva -voce will be ba sed on regular experiments and skill

experiments

A learner will be allowed to appear for the semester end practical examination only if the

candidate submits a certified journal of Physics or a certificate that the learner has

completed the practical cours e of Physics Semester III as per the minimum requirements.

REFERENCES

1. Advanced course in Practical Physics D. Chattopadhya, PC. Rakshit & B. Saha. (6th Edition)

Book & Allied Pvt. Ltd.

2. BSc Practical Physics – Harnam Singh S. Chand & Co. Ltd. – 2001

3. A Text book of advanced Practical Physics – Samir Kumar Ghosh, New Central Book

Agency – (3rd edition)

4. B Sc. Practical Physics – CL Arora (1stEdition ) – 2001 S. Chand & Co. Ltd.

5. Practical Physics – CL Squires – ( 3rd Edition) Cambridge Unive rsity Press.

6. University Practical Physics – D C Tayal. Himalaya Publication.

7. Advanced Practical Physics – Worsnop& Flint.

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USPH401: Optics

Learning Out comes:

On successful completion of this course students will be able to:

1. Understand the diffr action and polarization processes and applications of them in physical

situations.

2. Understand the applications of interference in design and working of interferometers.

3. Understand the resolving power of different optical instruments.

4. Demonstrate quantitative problem solving ski lls in all the topics covered.

UNIT I : (15 Lectures)

Diffraction:

Fresnel’s diffraction : Introduction, Huygen’s -Fresnel’s theory, Fresnel’s assumptions,

Distinctionbetween interference and diffraction, Fresnel and Fraunhoffer types of

diffraction, diffraction due tosingle edge, position of maximum and minimum intensity,

intensity at a point inside a geometricalshadow, diffraction due to a narrow slit,

diffraction due to narrow wire.

Fraunhoffer diffraction : introduc tion, Fraunhoffer diffraction at a single slit, intensity

distribution indiffraction pattern due to single slit, Frounhoffer diffraction due to double

slit, distinction betweensingle slit and double slit diffraction patterns, plane diffraction

grating, the ory of plane transmissiongrating, width of principal maxima, prism and

grating spectra.

SBA: 17.1, 17.2, 17.3, 17.6, 17.7, 17.10, 17.10.1, 17.10.2, 17.11, 17.12, 18.1, 18.2, 18.2.1,

18.4, 18.4.2 , 18.7, 18.7.1, 18.7.2, 18.7.8(i to vi)

Unit II : (15 lectures)

Michelson Interferometer : principle, construction, working, circular fringes, localized

fringes, Visibility of fringes. Applications of Michelson interferometer, a) measurement

of wavelength b) Determination of the difference in wavelengths of two waves c)

Thickness of thin transparent sheet.d) Standardization of meter .

Fabry -Perot interferometer and etalon : Formation of fringes, determination of

wavelength, Measurement of difference in wavelength.

SBA: 15.7, 15.7.1 to 15.7.7, 15.8, 15.8.1 o 15 .8.3, 15.8.5, 15.12, 15.12. to 15.12.3

Resolving Power : introduction, Raleigh’s criterion, resolving power of optical instruments,

criterionfor resolution according to Lord Rayleigh’s ;Resolving power of telescope,

resolving power of aprism, resolving powe r of a plane transmission grating.

SBA:19.1, 19.2, 19.5, 19.6, 19.7, 19.11, 19.12.

UNIT III : (15 Lectures)

Polarization: Introduction, The wire grid polarizer and a Polaroid, polarization by reflection,

polarization by double refraction, Malus’ law, Superposition of two disturbances, the

mathematical analysis, the phenomenon of double refraction, quarter wave plates and half

wave plates.

AG: 19.1, 19.2.1, 19.2.2, 19.2.3, 19.3, 19.4, 19.4.1, 19.5, 19.6.

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9 [Note: A good number of numerical examples are expected to be covered during the

prescribed lectures].

REFRENCES

1. SBA.: A text book of Optics – Subramanyam, Brij Lal, Avadhanulu – S. Chand & Co.

Multicoloured Ed. 2007.

2. AG. : Optics – Ajoy Ghatak (3rd Ed) Mc. Graw Hill Co.

USPH402: Electronic s

Learning Out comes:

On successful completion of this course students will be able to:

1. Understand the basic s of transistor biasing, operational amplifiers,

their applications.

2. Understand the basic concepts of oscillators and be able to perform calculations using

them.

3. Understand the working of digital circuits .

4. Use IC 555 timer for various timing applications.

3. Demonstrate quantitative problem solving ski lls in all the topics covered.

UNIT I (15 Lectures)

1. Transistor Biasing: Essentials of transistor biasing circuit, stability factor, methods of

transistor biasing, Emitter bias, Vo ltage divider bias method .

MM: 9 .5, 9.6, 9.7, 9.9, 9.10, 9.12

2. Uni - Junction Transistor: Symbol, construction, I -V characteristics, equivalent circuit

AM: 28.5

3. General amplifier characteristics:

Concept of amplification, amplifi er notations, current gain, Voltage gain, power gain, input

resistance, output resistance, general theory of feedback, reasons for negative feedback,

loop gain.

AM: 7.1 to 7.7, 17.1, 17.2, 17.3.

Practical circuit of transistor amplifier, phase reversal, frequency response, Decibel gain and

Band width.

MM: 10.4, 10.5, 11.3

UNIT II (15 Lectures)

1. Oscillators: Introduction, effect of positive feedback. Requirements for oscillations, phase

shift oscillator, Colpitt’s oscillator, Use of UJT as a relaxation oscillator

AM: 18.0 to 18.3, 18.6, 2 8.5

2. Operational Amplifiers: Introduction, Differential and Common -Mode Operation,Op -

Amp Basics, Virtual Ground , Practical Op -Amp Circuits : Inverting amplifier, Non

inverting amplifier, Unity Follower, summing amplifier, integrator, differentiator,

Frequency Parameters : Gain bandwidth and Slew rate

BN: 14.1 to 14.4 and 14.6 (7th Edition)

BN : 13.1 to 13.4 and 13.6 (8th Ed.)

UNIT III (15 Lectures)

1. Number system: Decimal, binary, hexadecimal number system and their mutual

conversions.

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10 ML: 5.2 to 5.5 , 5.7

2. Binary addition, binary subtraction, unsigned Binary numbers, Sign -magni tude Numbers ,

2’s compliment representation and 2’s compliment arithmetic: addition and subtraction.

ML: 6.1 to 6.6

3. Flip-flops and counters: R -S flip flops, Clocked R -S , D Flip flop, edge triggered J K flip

flop, Master slave flip flop, Asynchronous counters: 3 bit ripple up counter and 3 bit

ripple down counter

ML: 8.1, 8.2,8.5, 8.8 , 10.1

4. 555 Timer : Block diagram , Monostable and Astable Operation

MB: 23.7 , 23.8 , 23.9

[Note: A good numbe r of numerical examples are expected to be covered during the

prescribed lectures].

References:

1. MM : Principles of Electronics – V. K. Mehta and R ohit Mehta. (S. Chand –

Multicoloured illustrative edition)

2. AM : Electronic devices and circuits – An introduction Allan Mottershead (PHI Pvt. Ltd.

– EEE – Reprint – 2013)

3. BN : Electronic Devices And Circuit Theory: Robert Bo ylestad and Louis Nashelsky

(7th/8th Edition Prentice Hall)

4. ML : Digital Principles and Applications: Donald Leach, A Ma lvino , Goutam Saha ( 13th

Edition) ( McGraw Hill Publication)

5. MB : Electronic Principles : A. P. Malvino and D.J. Bates (7th Ed.) – (TMH).

Additional references:

UNIT – I: Electronics Fundamental and applications (8th Ed.) D. Chattopadhyay & P. C.

Rakshit (New Age International)

Unit-II and UNIT –III : A textbook of electronics – Santanu Chattopadhyay New Central

Book Agency. 2006 Ed.

Basic Electronics – Ravish Aradhya H V, Mc Graw Hill Education 2013 Ed.

USPH 403 Cosmology and Q uantum Mecha nics

Learning Out comes:

On successful completion of this course students will be able to:

1. Understand the basic terms like Cosmology, galax y, quasars.

2. Understand the postulates of quantum mechanics and to understand need of quantum

mech anics.

3. Demonstrate quantitative problem solving ski lls in all the topics covered.

UNIT I:

Cosmology : Units in cosmology : lengt h, mass, time scale , Magnitude ,( solve problems )

structural hierarchy (large scale structure of the universe) Hubble’s la w and expansion

of the universe ( problems )

JVN E - 1.1 , 1.2, 1.3

Types of galaxy, Radio Sources , Quasars , Radiation background

JVNI - 1.3, 1.4 , 1.5 ,1.6 , 1.9

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11 Quantum mechanics : ( Review : failure of classical mechanics t o explain black body

radiation and how quantum theory was successful , De -Broglie waves) Photo electric

effect , waves of what ? Describing a wave, phase velocity and group velocity,

Applying the uncertainty principle (problems on all the topics), Appli cations of quantum

mechanics

AB - 2.3, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.9 Concepts of modern physics ( 6th Edition) – Arthur Beiser

UNIT II:

Postulates of Quantum mechanics , Quantum mechanics, Wave equation, Schrodinger’s

equation –time dependent form, Linearity and superposition, Expectation values,

Operators, Schrodinger’s eq uatio n –steady state form Worked out examples and

problems

SPS : 4.9

AB - 5.1 to 5.7

UNIT III:

Free states , The free particle , potential step, The rectangular potential b arrier, The tunnel

effect, The emission of alpha particle for a radioactive element, Square well potential ,

free states, bound states , particle in a box, Particle in a rectangular three dimensional

box, Worked out examples and problems

SPS - 5.1 to 5.6 , 6.1 to 6.3

[Note: A good number of numerical examples are expected to be covered during the

prescribed lectures].

References :

JVNE: Elements of Cosmology – by Jayant V Narlikar 1996 U niversity press

JVNI: Introduction to Cosmology( 3rd edition 2002 ) – Jayant Narlikar Cambridge

University Press

AB: Concepts of modern physics - Arthur Beiser (6th Edition n) Tata Mc Graw Hill

SPS: Quantum Mechanics : SP Singh , M.K Bagade , Kamal Singh Chand 2004 Edition

Additional references:

Astro physics for P hysicists - Chapter 9 - (Cambridge university press): Arnab Rai

Chaudhary

Quantum Physics ( 2nd edition) Wiley student edition, Eisberg and Resnick

Modern P hysics : A B Gupta

Solid state Physics by S O Pillai for Unit 3.

USPHP4 P: Revised Practical course

Instructions: i) All the measurements and readings should be written with proper units in SI

system only

ii) After completing all the required number of experiments in the semester and recording

them in journal, student will have t o get their journal certified and produce the certified

journal at the time of practical examination.

iii) While evaluating practical, weightage should be given to circuit/ray diagram,

observations, tabular representation, experimental skill and procedure, graph, calculation

and result.

iv) Skill of doing the experiment and understanding physics concepts should be more

important than the accuracy of final result .

Leaning Outcome:

## Page 12

12 On successful completion of this course students will be able to:

i) To demonstr ate their practical skills.

ii) To understand and practice the skills while doing physics practical.

iii) To understand the use of apparatus and their use without fear.

iv) To correlate their physics theory concepts through practical.

v) Understand the concepts of errors and their estimation.

List of experiments:

Group A

1. Optical lever: determination of μ

2. Determination of Couchy’s constants.

3. Cylindrical obstacle: determination of λ

4. Fresnel’s bi -prism: determination of λ

5. Resolving power of telescope.

6. R.P. of grating

7. Brew ster’s law: determination of μ

8. Single slit diffraction

Group B

9. Opamp: I nverting amplifier with different gains

10. Opamp: Noninverting amplifier with different gains and voltage follower

11. Opamp: I ntegrator

12. Opamp: Differentiator.

13. Passive band pass filter.

14. UJT c haracteristics

15. UJT relaxation oscillator

16. Colpitt’s oscillator.

Group C

17. CE amplifier: determination of bandwidth

18. CE amplifier: variation of gain with load

19. Square wave oscillator using gates .

20. Half adder and full adder (7486, 7408)

21. Study of MS -JK flip flop and divide by 2 and 4 counter.

22. 555 timer as Astable multivibrator

23. 555 timer as M onostable multivibrator

24. Use of 555 as timer in seconds and minutes

Demonstration experiments:

1. Laser experiments: straight edge, single slit, ruler grating

2. Optical fibre: tran smission of signal

3. Concept of beats

4. Coupled oscillations and resonance

5. Error analysis of a given experiment

6. Wave form generator using Op -amp

7. PC simulations: graph, curve fitting etc.

8. Straight edge Fresnel diffraction

9. Double refraction

10. First order active filter.

11. Hysteresis expt .

E) Exemption of two experiments from section A and/or B and/or C may be given if student

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13 carry out any one of the following activity.

1. Students should collect the information of at least five Physicists with their work or write

a report on any major physics events and report that in journal.

2. Students should carry out mini-project up to the satisfaction of professor In -charge of

practical .

3. Study tour; Students participated in s tudy tour must submit a study tour report.

REFRENCES

1. Advanced course in Practical Physics D. Chattopadhya, PC. Rakshit & B. Saha. (6th Edition)

Book & Allied Pvt. Ltd.

2. BSc Practical Physics – Harnam Singh S. Chand & Co. Ltd. – 2001

3. A Text book of advanced Practical Physics – Samir Kumar Ghosh, New Central Book Agency

– (3rd edition)

4. B Sc. Practical Physics – CL Arora (1st Edition ) – 2001 S. Chand & Co. Ltd.

5. Practical Physics – CL Squires – ( 3rd Edition) Cambridge University Press.

6. University Practical Physics – D C Tayal. Himalaya Publication.

7. Advanced Practical Physics – Worsnop & Flint.

For practical examination the learner will be examined in three experiments (one from each

group). Each experiment will be of two hour duration. Minimum 3 from each group and

in all minimum 12 experiments and minimum of 4 demonstration experiments are

required to be completed and reported in journal compulsorily. The learner be evaluated at

the time of viva voce on the basis of regular experiments and the demonstration

experiments.

A learner wi ll be allowed to appear for the semester end practical examination

only if the candidate submits a certified journal of Physics or a certificate that the learner

has completed the practical course of Physics Semester IV as per the minimum

requirements.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~